Who doesn't know Marie Currie? The woman who won the Nobel Prize in Physics and Chemistry also succeeded in discovering radioactivity, which became the forerunner of X-Rays and opened the gates to the world of modern medicine.
Marie Curie, whose full name is Marie Salome Sklodowska, was born in Warsaw, Poland, on November 7, 1867. Born to parents who were teachers, little Marie was filled with extraordinary curiosity until, finally, she grew up as a bright and intelligent child.
At the age of 16, Marie managed to win a gold medal while completing her secondary education.
Despite her father's support, due to limited funds and the prohibition of women from studying at the university, Marie could not continue her education. Even so, Marie continued to actively participate in underground classes and worked to earn money as a teacher and nanny.
From the money she got, Marie also paid for her older sister, Bronisława, to attend medical school in Paris, France. He did this hoping that one day his older sister would be able to pay for his schooling later.
Marie's wish came true. When Marie was 24 years old, Bronisława helped Marie to study at Sorbonne University, Paris. Marie then earned a bachelor's degree in physics in 1893 and a bachelor's degree in mathematics in 1894.
While working in Lippmann's laboratory, Marie met Pierre Curie. The two of them finally got married.
Together with her husband, Marie Currie made a new breakthrough with her findings for the world health sector. The two managed to discover the new elements polonium and radium.
Radium rays help cure cancer and be the beginning of the development of X-rays which are very beneficial for the world of health.
But unfortunately, through his discovery, Marie also had to suffer from cancer due to continuous exposure to radium rays. Marie Curie finally died on July 4, 1934.
Thanks to Marie and Pierre Curie, the world of medicine can become more modern, and many patients have saved their lives.